After installing updated version of Quartz 2.7.11, font anti‑aliasing in Wine‑emulated applications no longer works.
The reason of broken anti‑aliasing is the updated FreeType library, which is included in Quartz 2.7.11. While Quartz 2.7.9 used FreeType 2.6.3, latest version uses FreeType 2.7, which breaks anti‑aliasing used in Wine.
Therefore, one solution is downgrading XQuartz to version 2.7.9.
But even better and easier fix is to disable new Truetype renderer in FreeType library by exporting
FREETYPE_PROPERTIES variable to system:
Terminaland go to home directory by typing
open ‑e .profileto edit Profile settings
export FREETYPE_PROPERTIES="truetype:interpreter-version=35" launchctl setenv FREETYPE_PROPERTIES $FREETYPE_PROPERTIES
Original source of fix is here.